Brain injury is incredibly common in the United States, with a staggering 2.8 million Americans sustaining TBI annually – and TBI is just one category of brain injury. However, most TBIs experienced are mild, commonly called concussions. Additionally, nearly 90% of people affected by TBI are treated and released from an emergency department. What happens then? If the patient is still showing TBI symptoms – emotional, physical, or cognitive – they should reach out to our rehabilitation center. At NeuLife, our TBI rehabilitation programs are designed to promote recovery to the highest level of functional independence and successful community reintegration.
Now that you know how prevalent TBI is in the US, let us go deeper into what TBI actually is.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is just a subgroup of brain injury. Generally, brain injury is categorized as pre birth or acquired. The former refers to an injury, which is hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or introduced by birth trauma. Whereas, acquired brain injury (ABI) appears after birth, commonly due to external factors. ABI can then be divided into three different types:
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): alteration in brain function, or brain pathology, caused by an external force.
- Mild TBI (MTBI): a brief change in mental status following a forceful head motion, or impact. Also known as, concussion, minor head trauma, minor TBI, minor brain injury, or minor head injury.
- Non-traumatic: brain injuries not caused by external trauma, but by conditions. These include strokes, aneurysms, and tumors.
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