Scoliosis refers to the abnormal lateral curving of the spine, which is usually diagnosed in childhood, or adolescence. Specifically, it refers to the curvature of the coronal, or spine’s frontal plane. A person diagnosed with scoliosis shows a sideways curve to their spine, which may either be C-shaped or S-shaped.
Also known as the Cobb angle, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), about 1-3% of children between the ages 10 to 16 years old develop this condition, per the American Family Physician. The spinal curvature may progress as the child grows, with some developing a 40-degree curve by the time they are adults.
According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, the number of children requiring braces to help with scoliosis is 30,000 per year. On the other hand, 38,000 patients a year are recommended for spinal fusion surgery to properly correct their condition.
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