Spinal fusion surgery is, as the name suggests, an operation done to the spine to permanently connect two or more vertebrae. This procedure is sometimes needed to eliminate back pain, restore the spine’s stability, or prevent deformation.
This kind of back surgery could be the last resort when an intense and long-term program for reducing pain and restoring function in the back has been exhausted. For some patients, spinal fusion surgery is the next step after trying conservative measures and physical therapy with little or no improvement, per Harvard Health.
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, some of the most common back problems that may benefit from spinal fusion surgery include spinal stenosis, herniated disc, and scoliosis.
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