A concussion is a form of mild traumatic brain injury that typically occurs when a person suffers a direct hit to the head or a whiplash injury. This leads to coup and countercoup movement, where the outside force causes the brain to accelerate against the skull before decelerating and hitting the back of the skull.
These movements can lead to bruising and swelling of brain tissues. Damage to blood vessels and nerves may also happen.
To find out more about TBI check out our article: TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI): ARE YOU AT RISK?
Data from the Brain Injury Research Institute has shown that every year, approximately 10% of athletes who engage in contact sports sustain concussion injuries. Furthermore, 1.5 million people in the U.S. suffer from traumatic brain injuries, with at least 1 TBI case occurring every 15 seconds.
In some cases, the MRI or CT scan doesn’t show any abnormalities; however, the patient may experience various symptoms that indicate the concussion. Furthermore, the symptoms often don’t show up for hours or even days after the accident took place.
Click the link below to find out more: